Working at height is obviously more risky than working at ground level but, if workers follow safety guidelines, workers can mitigate undue risks while working from heights. Not only due workers, construction or otherwise, need to know what fall protection equipment is appropriate, they also need to know how to use that equipment in the safest possible manner.
Plan in advance to ensure workers’ safety while working at height. Employers and supervisors must deliberately choose the proper equipment for the job, analyze the safety concerns specific to the work at hand, and provide any training workers may need.
Workers need to be familiar with their personal protective and personal fall arrest equipment and their job requirements, minimizing distractions by, e.g., leaving their cell phones behind and not using mp3 players or other distracting devices. There should also be a company culture in which workers feel free to share any misgivings about the work at hand with their supervisors and coworkers. Read more at https://www.osha.gov/doc/topics/residentialprotection/index.html
The appropriate type of fall protection equipment — full-body safety harness, lanyard, lifeline, Anchorage, etc. — depends entirely on the worksite; e.g., ladders are only suitable for short-term work, meaning that workers should not use ladders if they are going to be working at height for extended periods.
All personal fall arrest equipment needs to checked regularly for signs of wear and tear, and this is especially pertinent when renting equipment for a particular job, as rented equipment is often of suspect quality due to the number of people who have previously used (or misused) it.
Workers have to place equipment properly to ensure safety: When using ladders the feet should be secure and the ladder should be placed so that it doesn’t interfere with pedestrians and other traffic, and elevated platforms should only be used on firm, level ground.
Workers should never work at height without having been familiarized with and practicing a rescue plan. If a worker is, say, dangling from a shock-absorbing lanyard, it’s very important that someone should be able to reach rapidly and rescue that worker. Time makes all the difference when a fall occurs. Employers and supervisors must go over their rescue plans verbally, and then have their workers practice relevant drills before working at height. When a worker is familiar and practiced in a company’s rescue plan, s/he will be more likely to resolve effectively — or avoid — emergency situations. Click here to read more info about shock-absorbing lanyard.
Every worksite presents unique risks and, when working at height, workers must be aware of these distinct risks. Supervisors and workers should both study the worksite before beginning work to identify such hazards and make plans to mitigate risks; e.g., workers may need to wear full-body safety harnesses or other fall protection equipment so that they minimize the risk of falling or becoming trapped.